TYPES OF NURSES

Types of Nurses

Types of Nurses

Nurses provide critical functions in the healthcare sector. Many nurses find their careers rewarding, secure, and highly compensated – and the sector continues to grow daily.

With so many various kinds of nurses, it may be challenging to choose a specialty that fits you. Nursing specialties are diverse, with nurses specializing in forensics, cardiovascular health, obesity, genetics, and even business, to mention a few. Occasionally, students are aware of their chosen career path throughout their undergraduate studies; others may not be aware until they get some work experience in the area.

Some of the different types of nurses are;

Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN)

The advanced practice nurse’s position is intermediate between a registered nurse and a physician in terms of training, autonomy, duties, and pay.

Advanced practice nurses, for example, have significant autonomy since they can diagnose and treat illnesses and administer medicines. They are required to work under the supervision of or in cooperation with a physician in some states. They often oversee registered nurses.

Advanced practice nurses usually possess the following critical abilities and responsibilities:

Fundamental Responsibilities
  • Assuming the role of a primary care provider
  • Management of diseases and conditions (making diagnoses and ordering treatment)
  • Supervision of personnel, including registered nurses
Crucial Skills
  • Empathy
  • Excellent decision-making ability under duress Scientific aptitude
  • Aptitude for communication

Where do APRN’s Work?

Advanced practice nurses may work in hospitals, private doctors’ offices, birth centers, surgery centers, clinics, or residential care settings, depending on their specialty.

  1. Private Practice

APRNs can serve as primary care providers, diagnose and treat health problems, and supervise RNs.

Hospitals Advanced practice nurses may be responsible for administering medicine, supervising nursing departments, and diagnosing and treating health problems.

  1. Childbirth Centers

APRNs supervise deliveries, consult with doctors or transfer patients to a hospital as necessary, and educate pregnant women and parents about infant care.

Ambulatory Care Nursing

Under the direction of a physician or advanced practice nurse, ambulatory care nurses, also known as outpatient nurses, educate patients, conduct tests and health monitoring, and offer treatment. They may specialize or act as generalists. Nurses who work in ambulatory care settings may also manage nursing assistants.

Among the tasks associated with ambulatory care are the following:

Fundamental Responsibilities

  • Assuring the safety and effectiveness of patient treatment
  • Educating patients about their illness
  • Involvement with healthcare teams
  • Conducting diagnostic exams

Crucial Skills

  • Detail-oriented Empathy
  • Aptitude for communication
  • Stamina
Where do Ambulatory Care Nurses Work?

Except for inpatient care, ambulatory care nursing may occur in any healthcare environment. In 2017, 9.4 percent of registered nurses worked in a mobile environment, making it the second most common employment for registered nurses (RNs).

  1. Health Care System

Ambulatory care nurses support physicians in performing diagnostic tests, aid with outpatient treatments, and teach patients how to care for minor injuries or diseases.

  1. Physician’s Offices

Ambulatory care nurses speak with patients about their health status and any necessary follow-up treatment, conduct patient intake, and collaborate with other healthcare providers.

Centers for Ambulatory Care

Ambulatory care nurses assist in treating acute and chronic diseases, perform duties such as IV drug administration and patient monitoring during and after treatment, and ensure patients are safe to return home after same-day operations.

Why Should You Consider Becoming an Ambulatory Care Nurse?

In general, ambulatory care nursing includes less exposure to severe illnesses or injuries, and the responsibilities placed on ambulatory care nurses are more consistent and predictable. However, since ambulatory care nurses spend less time with patients, they may feel as if they have more negligible effect on their patients’ lives. Additionally, work circumstances may remain stressful, contributing to burnout. Additional benefits and drawbacks are listed below.

The Benefits of a Career as an Ambulatory Care Nurse

  1. Significantly less exposure to life-threatening diseases than inpatient nursing
  2. Predictable schedules and workloads compared to inpatient care
  3. Demand is high, and wages are above average.

Disadvantages of Becoming an Ambulatory Care Nurse

  1. There are fewer chances to make a significant impact in patients’ lives than there are in inpatient nursing.
  2. Burnout may occur as a result of excessive scheduling or overtime labor.
  3. RNs have little professional autonomy.

Cardiac Care Nursing

Cardiac nurses operate under the supervision of cardiologists and perform various duties related to treating acute and chronic heart diseases. They utilize defibrillators on patients with acute heart failure, such as heart attacks or cardiac arrest. Cardiac nurses may also assist surgeons doing heart surgery.

Cardiac nurses may monitor and evaluate the heart problems of patients who have chronic illnesses. They perform or assist with various procedures, such as advanced cardiac life support or catheterization laboratories.

Crucial Skills

  • Advanced cardiac resuscitation
  • Concern for the patient
  • Catheterization
  • Reasoning critically
  • Communication

Cardiac nurses work in various settings within healthcare, including hospitals, critical care units, medical clinics, and rehabilitative or long-term care institutions. You may learn more about how cardiac nurses’ responsibilities vary in these different situations by reading the following:

  1. ICU Cardiac Nurses

ICU Cardiac nurses working in intensive care units may be required to give specific medications or use a defibrillator in the event of a cardiac arrest or heart attack. They may monitor hemodynamics or utilize telemetry and intracardiac devices such as catheters and balloon pumps. Numerous Cardiac ICUs provide care for patients after surgery.

  1. Cardiology Unit of a Hospital

Involves monitoring of patient’s cardiac activity and electrocardiograms, administering medications and other therapies, and educating patients and family about their condition.

  1. Surgical Unit at a Hospital

Prepare patients for surgery, aid the surgeon with any necessary duties throughout the procedure and support patients with post-operative recovery.

Why Should You Consider Becoming a Cardiac Nurse?

If being a cardiovascular nurse appeals to you, carefully weigh the benefits and drawbacks of the job before deciding whether to pursue it.

 Benefits of Becoming a Cardiac Nurse

  1. Nurses who specialize in chronic health often develop connections with their patients, contributing to their job satisfaction.
  2. Nurses who work in critical care environments have the opportunity to save lives that are in immediate danger, which may be very rewarding.
  3. Career advancement opportunities exist; cardiology nurses may obtain graduate degrees and work as cardiac nurse practitioners.
  4. Job security and stability; Because heart health continues to be a major problem in the United States, cardiac nurses must fill key positions in the business.

Disadvantages of Becoming a Cardiac Nurse

  1. Stress and burnout – working in the cardiology unit may deplete you physically, emotionally, and mentally.
  2. Cardiac nurses may find themselves working long hours and making unscheduled hospital visits while on call.
  3. While some patients are receptive, others may be challenging to deal with.
  4. Challenge in taking care of some of the hospital’s most critically ill patients.

Case Management Nursing

Nurse case managers collaborate with all parties engaged in the patient’s wellbeing, including the patient, doctors, other providers, and insurers, to create a care plan. Generally, nurse case managers are responsible for the following:

Fundamental Responsibilities

  • Creating a patient care plan.
  • Considering the patient’s best interests.
  • Coordination of the implementation of the strategy with all key parties.
  • Monitoring the plan’s progress.
  • Notifying all interested parties of findings and updates.

Acquired Skills

  • Communication
  • Empathy
  • Collaboration
  • Resilience
Nurse case managers may find employment in the following typical settings:

Nurse case managers in hospitals identify patients who need case management, coordinate treatment with other doctors, develop a discharge plan, and arrange for follow-up care when the patient is discharged. Additionally, some managers assist in determining the most cost-effective use of hospital resources, such as bed occupancy.

Residential Care Nursing managers ascertain patient requirements before or during the intake process, interact with the healthcare team, monitor the patient’s health, and make necessary adjustments to plans.

Providers of Insurance

Nurse case managers conduct comprehensive reviews of complicated or continuing cases, identify patients who need care plans, and coordinate healthcare plans between clinicians and patients.

Why Should You Consider Becoming a Nurse Case Manager?

The nurse case manager position enables nurses to understand individual patients and their requirements while still delivering comprehensive care. Nurse case managers must be adept at collaborating with other healthcare providers and communicating with patients.

The Benefits of a Career as a Nurse Case Manager

  1. A more intimate connection with patients and more chances to see how their actions may influence their wellbeing
  2. Physically less demanding than other nursing positions
  3. Maintain a consistent routine rather than 12-hour shifts
  4. Salaries are usually higher than the national average.

Disadvantages of Becoming a Nurse Case Manager

  1. Prolonged engagement in emotionally draining or vexing situations
  2. Relationship development with terminal patients may be emotionally draining.
  3. Frequently requires more paperwork and administration than other nurse positions.
  4. Possibly required to mediate disputes between parties

Community Health Nursing

Community health nurses offer comprehensive care in places other than hospitals. This rewarding position allows nurses to engage directly with the public, raise awareness, and assist in preventing the spread of avoidable diseases and illnesses. Discover more about these professionals’ responsibilities and the education required to become one.

Community health nurses must be flexible because they operate in various settings other than the conventional hospital environment. They could perform blood pressure checks in a shopping mall, provide emergency preparation in a church, or distribute sexual education materials on a college campus, for example. Additionally, they collaborate with healthcare teams. The following are some of the more frequent duties of community health nurses:

Principal Responsibilities
  • Advocate for the community and organizer
  • Evaluations, assessments, and interventions
  • Referrals from agencies
  • Promotion of health via diet, wellbeing, and illness prevention
  • Examinations of the health
  • Education on family planning

Career Characteristics

  • Clinical abilities
  • The organizer of community advocacy programs
  • Competence in case management
  • Reasoning critically
  • Adaptability
What Types of Jobs Do Community Health Nurses Have?

Community health nurses work in vulnerable areas with insufficient medical services. The following occupations often benefit from community health nurses’ knowledge.

  1. Community Health Clinics

Community health nurses may provide vaccinations, give family planning advice, or organize healthy living programs at clinics.

  1. Homeless Shelters

Community health nurses may concentrate on preventive care in shelters via screenings and evaluations. Additionally, they assist individuals in obtaining aid via social services.

  1. Home-Based Care

Individuals with physical or mental impairments rely on community health nurses for everyday care. Teaching family members how to care for their loved ones is a necessary part of the job.

Why Should You Consider Becoming a Community Health Nurse?

As a community health nurse, you will have the opportunity to engage directly with at-risk populations to promote health and wellbeing. They assist in managing educational programs aimed at preventing sickness and sickness and have more flexible schedules since they often do not work weekends.

While work has many benefits, it also has some disadvantages. While working in non-hospital settings gives you some flexibility, it also means you have fewer opportunities to consult with healthcare professionals. Additionally, improvement in healthcare may be slower at the community level. Continue reading to learn more about the advantages and disadvantages of community health nursing.

What Are the Benefits of Becoming a Community Health Nurse?
  1. Assisting marginalized communities
  2. Collaboration between nurses and customers in non-hospital settings
  3. Diverse work environments
  4. Schedule that is convenient for you with little to no holiday or weekend hours
  5. Care that is more holistic and tailored to the person
  6. A strong relationship exists between the nurse and the client and the community population.

What Are the Disadvantages of a Career as a Community Health Nurse?

  1. There are fewer opportunities for consultation with other healthcare experts.
  2. Must be able to adapt to new lifestyles, environments, and cultures quickly
  3. Required to travel to several areas
  4. Additional time is required to observe changes at the community level.

Correctional Facility Nursing


Correctional nurses provide healthcare for prisoners in correctional facilities. While some correctional nurses care for both staff and prisoners, prisoners are often the main group served by correctional nurses.

Correctional nurses may supervise nursing assistants and work under the supervision of doctors or nurse practitioners. They keep health on prisoners’ health, treat their illnesses and injuries, and offer health education and coaching.

Career Characteristics

  • Aptitude for communication
  • Collaborative
  • Empathy

Personality traits

  • Maximizing available resources
Where Do Correctional Nurses work?

Although correctional nurses work mostly in jails and prisons, they may also work in halfway houses, group homes for juvenile offenders, and work-release settings.

  1. Prisons or Jails

Correctional nurses are responsible for triaging healthcare problems, providing direct treatment under the supervision of a physician or advanced practice nurse, conducting health screenings, and educating prisoners about preventive health.

  1. Halfway Houses

Correctional nurses perform health examinations, teach prisoners about proper nutrition and other health practices, and offer direct treatment.

  1. Group Homes

Correctional nurses provide health education, including drug abuse and reproductive health, give direct treatment, and educate individuals on developing good habits and behaviors.

Is Correctional Nursing the Right Career Choice for Me?

Correctional nurse employment may be very physically and emotionally taxing. Inmates may engage in antisocial conduct against correctional personnel and may suffer from various potentially complicated health issues. Additionally, facilities may be under-resourced. On the other hand, correctional nurses have the pleasure of knowing they are assisting individuals in need of care and can contribute to rehabilitation.

The Pros Becoming a Correctional Nurse
  1. By instilling healthy or rehabilitative habits, we can make a difference.
  2. Treating a broad range of chronic and acute health problems
  3. Inmates who may have gotten little to no healthcare in the past express their gratitude.

The Cons of Becoming a Correctional Nurse

  1. Due to the high demand, work may be emotionally taxing, especially if there is a high burnout rate.
  2. While facilities adhere to stringent safety standards, nurses may need to be more attentive and attentive than in other healthcare contexts.
  3. Correctional institutions are often underfunded.

Dialysis Nursing

Dialysis nurses sometimes referred to as nephrology nurses, are trained to care for patients with kidney illnesses. They benefit individuals who need dialysis, a procedure that eliminates toxins usually discharged by the kidneys.

Dialysis nurses provide kidney disease therapy, such as hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Dialysis effectively duplicates the activities of the patient’s kidneys, controlling blood pressure and removing excess water, salt, and waste from the patient’s body. Along with doing dialysis, these specialist nurses:

Fundamental Responsibilities

  • Educating patients and families about kidney illness and how to treat it.
  • Keep track of patients’ medical records
  • Patients should be evaluated before therapy.
  • Keep an eye out for unfavorable dialysis responses in patients.
  • Maintain an appropriate hydration and electrolyte balance.
  • Inform physicians with this information in case the patient requires a change in therapy.

Career Characteristics

  • Competence in running medical healthcare (specifically, a dialysis machine)
  • Excellent communication abilities
  • Patience
  • Detail-oriented
What Types of Jobs Do Dialysis Nurses Have?

Nurses that work in dialysis clinics, hospitals, and outpatient clinics operate in a variety of settings. Numerous dialysis nurses go to patients’ homes to provide treatment, especially in rural regions where patients may lack access to hospitals or clinics regularly. Acute dialysis nurses work in intensive care units and other places that provide chronic care.

  1. Dialysis Clinics

Meet with patients weekly, providing hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis and evaluating their responses.

  1. Acute care or intensive care unit departments

Involves administration of emergency dialysis or other renal therapies to those suffering severe renal failure.

  1. Patients’ residences

Transport and install dialysis equipment in patients’ homes, give dialysis treatments, monitor patients’ vital signs, and transmit patients’ status to the hospital or healthcare institution.

Why Should You Consider Becoming a Dialysis Nurse?

As with any profession, working as a dialysis nurse offers several advantages and disadvantages. While it is a rewarding profession for many, it is important to weigh the benefits and drawbacks before entering the profession.

The Benefits of Being a Dialysis Nurse

  1. Because you meet the same patients weekly, being a dialysis nurse enables you to develop connections with patients.
  2. Dialysis nurses — and registered nurses in general — may anticipate favorable employment growth. As more patients reach retirement age, they will continue to need dialysis treatment.
  3. Career development opportunities. Earn a master’s degree and work as an advanced practice nurse specializing in dialysis.
  4. Additionally, some dialysis nurses travel as part of their work.

Disadvantages of Becoming a Dialysis Nurse

  1. Dialysis nurses, particularly those working in acute care, may work long hours.
  2. As is the case with many other healthcare jobs, dialysis nurses may experience burnout—particularly when coping with the emotional fatigue associated with caring for critically ill patients.
  3. Certain dialysis nurses must report to the hospital or facility when on call, particularly if the healthcare institution employs just a few dialysis nurses.

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