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How to write an analytical essay

How to write an analytical essay

At some point, in college writing requires analytical reasoning which is an invaluable skill that students and universities. The faculty may students to submit essays that meet specific parameters depending on their type and the topic which dictates the content hence the learners need to how to craft an analytical essay. One has to provide structure to the process and a ready-made template to follow along the way. This article defines what an analytical essay is, helps you apply how to write analytical essays in settling for a suitable topic provides step-by-step instructions for each paragraph, plus other helpful hints.

What is an analytical essay?

An analytical essay is one of the most popular college assignments. It asks you to critically analyze a topic in detail, from current events and movies to historical periods. Essays demanding the application of how to craft an analytical essay require the support of their claims with evidence rather than emotional appeals or personal anecdotes; logic and facts are used instead for building arguments. Contrary to persuasive essays which only present one side, analytical essays must present both perspectives. Ultimately, you should conclude your analysis by expressing your opinions on what has been studied.

Analytical Essay Outline

Before you begin writing your analytical essay, consider its format. Analytic essays typically range in length from 500-1000 words and follow a five-paragraph structure with an introduction, three body paragraphs and a conclusion; more sections may be added if needed for more complex or lengthy analyses. An outline is beneficial for planning the essay structure as well as giving readers a quick snapshot of research points. Although many people neglect creating one, creating one is actually quite beneficial since it will guide research efforts and make writing much faster. However, people who value tips on how to craft an analytical essay cannot fall, victim, because they know that things do not end badly- they begin badly.

Let’s take a closer look at creating such an outline for an analytical essay.


  • Grabber
  • Background Information
  • Statement on Thesis

First Paragraph in Body Section

  • Topic Sentence
  • Evidence to Support the Claim
  • Transition to the second body paragraph

Second Paragraph- Body Section

  • Topic Sentence
  • Evidence to Back Up the Claim
  • Transition phrase to body paragraph three

Third Paragraph- Body Section 

  • Topic Sentence
  • Evidence to Back up Claims
  • Finally, transition phrase to


  • Concluding remarks. Here we have outlined the major points.
  • Restate the thesis
  • Highlight key takeaways


An introduction for an analytical paper is no different from any other essay. It’s often the first thing readers see, so it must engage them and ensure they comprehend the content fully. A well-crafted introduction provides background information, clearly states the purpose of the paper, and gives hints as to what claims will be made within it.

A hook should be the opening sentence of an essay. It should capture readers’ attention and make them want to continue reading further. Hooks can include fun facts, jokes or questions related to your topic that make sense and are engaging. Developing a hook becomes easy if one adheres to the tips and guidelines on how to craft an analytical essay.

Next, provide background information about the topic you are studying. This should include details such as when it was released, who directed/authored it and other details. This section applies to academic subjects or abstract concepts.

Next, your thesis statement must be specific and precise. This thesis statement serves as the focus of your essay and should include a sentence or two that clearly identifies the topic you will examine, as well as any claims you wish to make or opinions you may have.

Thesis Statement

Crafting a thesis statement can be the most challenging aspect of essay writing. In just a few sentences, it explains the purpose behind your paper in simple yet compelling language. A concise thesis statement gives readers an understanding of why the author chose this topic for their essay. Analytical essays require thesis statements which clearly summarize what has been analyzed and the conclusions drawn.

Each body paragraph should support the claims made in your thesis statement. That is why having a specific thesis statement is so critical when crafting an analytical essay; otherwise, proving its validity may prove challenging. Let’s take a closer look at some sample thesis statements.

  • Climate change is currently the greatest threat to humanity,
  • and future video games will play an even more significant role.
  • Teens Shouldn’t Watch Reality Television.

Although the topics under discussion are interesting, their thesis statements are too expansive for one essay to cover fully. Without specifying a method of analysis, readers don’t know how to approach this problem effectively. These thesis statements can be further refined in subsequent versions.

Youth activism is an influential force in the climate change debate and policy changes within governments.

Gamification makes learning fun and essential for humanity’s future.

Teens are negatively affected by fake reality TV shows that portray an inaccurate version of reality.

These statements focus on specific elements while offering an opinion. They analyze the main themes of reality TV, climate change and video games to provide direction for the paper and let readers know what it’s about. Furthermore, these can help identify how topics will be analyzed and provide evidence for body paragraphs.


A five-paragraph structure typically has three body paragraphs; however, an analytical essay might have more. These paragraphs form the core content of your paper and contain evidence supporting your thesis statement. Each paragraph within the body should address a particular claim or piece of evidence and adhere to certain formatting rules.

  • Topic sentence that clarifies the direction of analysis for the paragraph
  • Your main evidence supporting your claim
  • Information supporting it
  • Transition phrase to the next t paragraph

Your first sentence should give a concise summary of your paragraph’s topic.

For instance, if your essay is about gamification education, your topic sentence could read something like this: “Educational videogames are being utilized in many Third World countries as an aid for children who lack access to traditional educational systems.” This statement clearly communicates the intent behind this paragraph and provides factual evidence supporting it.

Topic sentences are essential components in structuring the flow of your paper.

Imagine having an intelligent conversation about a topic with someone close to you; topic sentences provide the most essential support for whatever claim you’re making.

The body paragraph should provide factual information to back up your topic sentence. Every paragraph within the body should address one topic, so make sure each paragraph only addresses one issue. While it may be tempting to give as much detail as possible, analytic papers that are too dense can be difficult to comprehend and read; instead, focus on providing only pertinent facts and figures.

Each body paragraph should be concluded with a brief restatement of your topic sentence.

This will demonstrate how the evidence supports that claim. This serves as an effective transition into the next paragraph, which contains different pieces or analyses from another perspective. Having one-sentence summaries at the end of each essay helps it flow better.


An analysis essay’s conclusion should condense all major points into one concise paragraph. It isn’t the place to add additional information or make new assertions; rather, it re-states the thesis statement so it is easy for readers to comprehend it clearly. This is typically found in the conclusion paragraph of a research paper.

  • Restate the thesis
  • Summarize key topic sentences
  • Provide key pieces of evidence.
  • What the author thinks about further analysis

A successful conclusion paragraph as per the dictates of how to draft an analytical essay should clearly state the purpose of your paper. Your thesis statement should be stated at the start to remind readers about its main objective. After reading three paragraphs, allows readers to make connections between evidence and your thesis statement.

Next, provide a summary of each paragraph’s main claims and analysis.  Effective application of the principles of how to craft an analytical essay becomes self-evident in the final product- the essay itself. Once you have presented evidence supporting these claims, rephrase your topic sentences and craft an argumentative case for your points. It is best not to include any new evidence or points for analysis in the conclusion paragraph as this could confuse readers. Rather, ensure that this paragraph summarizes and recaps all pertinent information; add another paragraph if needed.

Finally, conclude your conclusion paragraph by sharing your insights. Explanate why this topic is essential and how your perspective adds new information. Furthermore, compare and contrast your analysis with that of experts in the field.

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Steps to Writing a Top-grade Analytical Essay

When a task becomes essential to people, they develop some steps that they have to follow to perform the task better. Likewise, how to craft an analytical essay article fulfils this need in analytical essay writing.

Before you begin crafting your analysis essay, there are a few things you should do. Planning ahead makes writing easier and ensures the structure of your paper flows better. These are the steps to take before beginning the task at hand.

  • Brainstorm different topic ideas
  • Do some research on the topics that intrigue you.
  • Pick a subject that excites you and has enough information to back up your claims.
  • As you guide your research, create a thesis statement.
  • Create an Outline

It may be tempting to select the first topic that comes to mind when considering “I need someone else to write my essay for me”, but selecting the correct topic is essential in addition to adhering to the how to write a good analytical essay.

Once you have selected some topic ideas, do some research to see if they interest you and if there is enough information available for writing an essay.

Once you understand the topic, you can formulate a thesis statement to guide your research and form questions to test in order to back up your assertion.

Notes made while researching can be organized into an outline. Doing this makes it easier to locate information when writing your essay, plus it gives you a sense of its flow. An outline is beneficial for gathering facts and crafting an effective argumentation.

Selecting Topics

Analytical essay topics offer endless potential because they can be analyzed and considered. But selecting one that interests you the most may prove challenging. Start by going over your teacher’s list of potential topics; these will serve as inspiration for further exploration of each one. Once you have your list narrowed down to two or three, explore each one further with enthusiasm and creativity. These factors should all be taken into account when making your selection.

  • Researching and writing can be more enjoyable if you are passionate about the subject.
  • Do enough research on the topic to back up your claims; however, it’s not necessary to cover everything in one essay.
  • Find a new approach when approaching this issue.
  • Congratulations! You have just completed the first step in writing an analysis essay.

Produce an analytical thesis statement.

Once you have selected a topic and done sufficient research, the next step in writing an analytical essay is to create a thesis statement. This thesis statement should be one or two sentences at the end of your introduction paragraph that clearly explains the purpose of your essay. It serves as guidance throughout the paper and informs readers what to expect. Why is it essential to craft your thesis statement early? Having a concise thesis saves time while also helping structure your argument as new information comes to light.

A thesis statement is a concise declaration that clearly defines the topic and what you plan to analyze. It also includes your opinion. For instance, “Gamification in education is making videogames essential to humanity’s future” indicates that this essay will examine videogames and their influence on education.

Organize the Body of Your Essay 

In an analysis paper, the body paragraphs are where you provide evidence to back up your conclusions. Each paragraph should begin with a topic sentence which outlines what will be covered in that paragraph, then focus on one point of analysis or evidence per paragraph. Each body paragraph should also focus on pieces which directly support your original thesis statement. Your body paragraphs should be organized in such a way that allows different perspectives while still having an easy-to-follow flow and understanding for readers.

Once you have written your thesis statement and understood the structure of the body paragraphs, it is now time to find data to back up your analysis. Focus on finding reliable information that backs up your claim; select three to four pieces that most strongly back it up then do further investigation on those particular pieces. Fill in any relevant details accurately while noting where they came from. Writing an analytical essay doesn’t need to be tedious or take up too much time if you are interested in the topic at hand and conduct well-directed research. It can even be enjoyable if interested in the topic at hand!

Utilize Evidence Effectively

An analytical essay must be persuasive. However, simply listing facts without creating a narrative won’t do the trick; use statistics such as “30% of third world children use education apps” or “30% children in developing countries have access to education apps and are able to earn high school degrees to lift their families out of poverty” instead. To create an engaging story with your research data and evidence, combine it with storytelling techniques.

Consider Contrasting Opinions

Though it may seem counterproductive, including opinions that differ from your analysis paper is an effective way to craft a strong argument. Choose the strongest opposing view and use evidence to prove why it’s incorrect; this creates strength in your argument because you have shown you have thought outside the box and are willing to challenge even the strongest opinions.

Create a powerful conclusion

A conclusion paragraph summarizes the key points of an essay. In just a few sentences, an effective conclusion sums up all key elements within it. To recapitulate your main idea, restate it and then highlight key evidence supporting it. In brief, sentences, explain why this topic is important for readers.

Writing an analysis essay becomes much simpler if you know these details.

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Analytical Essay Topics

There exist many topics in human life that might call for analysis. Success in deciding which topic to analyze significantly gains from how to craft an analytical essay useful tips. Selecting the appropriate topic is paramount when writing an analytical essay, which is why this section has been dedicated to it. A great topic could include:

What interests you?

Your topic must capture the reader’s attention but not be too broad.

Conducting sufficient quality research in order to provide evidence-based arguments is important for success.

Finding an engaging topic

Selecting a topic for an analysis paper can be daunting. But taking time to find something that meets all criteria will ensure you enjoy writing and get an excellent grade. To learn more, you might find it beneficial to read our How-to-Write a Reflection Paper article.

This list provides you with a selection of excellent analytical essay topics to get you started which if combined with the tips of how to craft an analytical essay will see you an essay that meets the standards of the question in context.

Psychology Essay Topics

Here are some topics for psychology essay writing.

  • What is a mental disorder?
  • Why are more young people feeling lonely?
  • How do lockdowns impact mental health?
  • Is happiness really just an illusion?
  • How can you cope with depression?

Pop culture topics involve

  • Why DOTA is the ultimate game!
  • What has Marvel Cinematic Universe done for us in terms of art and history?
  • History of Science Fiction
  • Blank is the best genre of music
  • Kanye West’s rise and fall

Topics about art and history

  • What role did World War II have on us today? An analysis of postmodern art. Are all artists geniuses or not?
  • How has Renaissance art affected our lives today?
  • Lessons to be learned from war – Analytical Essay Examples

Having gone with you through all the steps of how to craft an analytical essay, it is safe to assume that you will utilize the examples already provided on the site.

Example 1: Judaism and Christianity have a special relationship.

Jews, Christians, Muslims and others have always shared a connection through their shared faith and beliefs. While these three monotheistic religions differ in doctrine, they share a respect for diversity despite similarities. With the world changing rapidly, people are questioning the existence of each religion; although subtle, the similarities can have far-reaching effects which is why it’s essential to examine each one’s status. Notable features include the stubborn adherence of certain groups to particular faiths which raises issues about both lacks of choice and necessity for one.

Example 2: Analytical Essay

One of the major consequences of war is its capacity to destroy traditional values and create profound shifts in worldviews for those who have endured its devastation and horror. Military personnel often have difficulty imagining life after war because they live on the edge, constantly on guard against potential conflicts that could threaten the peace currently existing. This story recounts Hemmingway’s memories from serving in Italy’s Army as a driver during this conflict; He suffered multiple injuries as well as depression from his time serving there.